Royal Swaziland Sugar Corporation ( 2013 Abridged Report

first_imgRoyal Swaziland Sugar Corporation ( listed on the Swaziland Stock Exchange under the Food sector has released it’s 2013 abridged results.For more information about Royal Swaziland Sugar Corporation ( reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Royal Swaziland Sugar Corporation ( company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Royal Swaziland Sugar Corporation (  2013 abridged results.Company ProfileRoyal Swaziland Sugar Corporation (RSSC) Limited is the largest company in Swaziland with interests in sugar cane farming and manufacturing refined sugar products and ethanol for regional consumption and import to the rest of Africa and Europe. RSSC produces beverage-grade ethanol that is used in alcoholic beverages as well as pharmaceuticals and water treatment products. The company produces feints used to manufacture methylated spirits and bio gels. It also produces compressed molasses stillage used to produce liquid fertilisers. RSSC manages approximately 15 600 hectares of irrigated sugar cane on two estates leased from the Swazi Nation and manages an additional 5 000 hectares of half of third parties. It has capacity to produce 2.3 million tonnes of cane per season and about 430 000 tonnes of raw sugar per season. RSSC is a subsidiary of Tibiyo Taka Ngwane with headquarters in Simunye, Swaziland. Royal Swaziland Sugar Corporation is listed on the Swaziland Stock Exchangelast_img read more

Why I’d generate passive income with FTSE 100 dividend shares for a wealthy retirement

first_img Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. Click here to claim your copy now — and we’ll tell you the name of this Top US Share… free of charge! tezcang has no position in any of the shares mentioned. The Motley Fool UK has no position in any of the shares mentioned. Views expressed on the companies mentioned in this article are those of the writer and therefore may differ from the official recommendations we make in our subscription services such as Share Advisor, Hidden Winners and Pro. Here at The Motley Fool we believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. Why I’d generate passive income with FTSE 100 dividend shares for a wealthy retirement Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares Tezcan Gecgil, PhD | Monday, 13th July, 2020 I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. Enter Your Email Address With much uncertainty about a second Covid-19 outbreak worldwide, investors are nervous about the increased choppiness in share prices. There may still a bumpy road ahead for market participants for the rest of the year. However, passive income shares can deliver results over the long run, especially if you are saving for your retirement years. Therefore, today I’d like to discuss how investing in dividend-paying blue-chip stocks in the FTSE 100 may help your portfolio to weather an economic downturn. Such shares typically have solid financials, stable cash flows, brands that are recognised by consumers worldwide and proven managerial track records. Let’s take a closer look.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…Dividends mean passive incomeBoth in the UK and worldwide, interest rates are at a record low. Generating passive income via dividend stocks becomes especially attractive in such a macroeconomic environment. And regular investing in dividend shares enables investors to create serious wealth over the long term.With passive income-yielding businesses, investors get the potential to have both capital gains and residual payouts to bolster their position. During market downturns, dividends can also help investors ride out the storm better. Although the current volatility in the markets may be unnerving, most stocks are a lot cheaper than they were at the start of the year. So how do you decide where to invest?Defensive stocks may be a safe betEach portfolio has a different investment style and risk/return profile. When equity markets become choppy, many investors go for defensive stocks. Such businesses tend to be less prone to macroeconomic and credit cycles than others. And the FTSE 100 offers a number of names that could be appropriate for most portfolios.If you love stable dividend shares, then a utility group like Severn Trent deserves your attention. As one of the largest water companies, it serves over eight million customers.Needless to say, demand for services like water and electricity is eternal, whatever the economic reality. So far this year, the stock price is down about 6.5%, hovering at 2,379p. That means a dividend yield of 4.2%. The shares are expected to go ex-dividend next in September. My second pick is international defence group BAE Systems. Year-to-date, this FTSE 100 bellwether is down about 15%. The current price of 475p supports a dividend yield of 4.9%. The shares are expected to go ex-dividend next in October. Deutsche Bank has a price target of 675p on the stock.Management will release half-year results on July 30. Earlier in June, it provided an update when it said  it expects sales to be “broadly stable year-on-year”. Nonetheless, profit over the first six months of 2020 is likely to be around 15% lower. I’d look to buy the dips.Reinvesting dividends to secure your retirementIf you invest £10,000 in total in these two companies, you can generate over £800 in annual dividends. And that is on top of any potential increase in share price. While it is tempting to take out this passive income yearly and spend it, I’d argue that it is important to reinvest dividends and delay withdrawals.You may also consider investing in dividend shares via Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs). An example would be the iShares UK Dividend UCITS ETF, which is a basket of the 50 highest-yielding stocks from the FTSE 350 Index. Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. I’m sure you’ll agree that’s quite the statement from Motley Fool Co-Founder Tom Gardner.But since our US analyst team first recommended shares in this unique tech stock back in 2016, the value has soared.What’s more, we firmly believe there’s still plenty of upside in its future. In fact, even throughout the current coronavirus crisis, its performance has been beating Wall St expectations.And right now, we’re giving you a chance to discover exactly what has got our analysts all fired up about this niche industry phenomenon, in our FREE special report, A Top US Share From The Motley Fool. “This Stock Could Be Like Buying Amazon in 1997” See all posts by Tezcan Gecgil, PhDlast_img read more

Tons of acorns? It must be a mast year

first_img Please enter your comment! Support conservation and fish with NEW Florida specialty license plate Free webinar for job seekers on best interview answers, hosted by Goodwill June 11 You have entered an incorrect email address! Please enter your email address here Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter LEAVE A REPLY Cancel reply The Anatomy of Fear TAGSAcornsOak TreesThe Conversation Previous articleMayor Demings kicks off annual toy driveNext articleWhich businesses will close for Thanksgiving? Denise Connell RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR By Emily Moran, University of California, MercedIf you have oak trees in your neighborhood, perhaps you’ve noticed that some years the ground is carpeted with their acorns, and some years there are hardly any. Biologists call this pattern, in which all the oak trees for miles around make either lots of acorns or almost none, “masting.”A dipterocarp seed.kumakumalatte/Shutterstock.comIn New England, naturalists have declared this fall a mast year for oaks: All the trees are making tons of acorns all at the same time.Many other types of trees, from familiar North American species such as pines and hickories to the massive dipterocarps of Southeast Asian rainforests, show similar synchronization in seed production. But why and how do trees do it?Benefits of synchronized seedsEvery seed contains a packet of energy-rich starch to feed the baby tree that lies dormant inside. This makes them a tasty prize for all sorts of animals, from beetles to squirrels to wild boar.If trees coordinate their seed production, these seed-eating animals are likely to get full long before they eat all the seeds produced in a mast year, leaving the rest to sprout.For trees like oaks that depend on having their seeds carried away from the parent tree and buried by animals like squirrels, a mast year has an extra benefit. When there are lots of nuts, squirrels bury more of them instead of eating them immediately, spreading oaks across the landscape.Getting in syncIt’s still something of a mystery how trees synchronize their seed production to get these benefits, but several elements seem to be important.First, producing a big crop of seeds takes a lot of energy. Trees make their food through photosynthesis: using energy from the Sun to turn carbon dioxide into sugars and starch. There’s only so many resources to go around, though. Once trees make a big batch of seeds, they may need to switch back to making new leaves and wood for a while or take a year or two to replenish stored starches, before another mast.But how do individual trees decide when that mast year should be? Weather conditions appear to be important, especially spring weather. If there’s a cold snap that freezes the flowers of the tree – and yes, oaks do have flowers, they’re just extremely small – then the tree can’t produce many seeds the following fall.Harm to the tree’s flowers in spring doesn’t bode well for the acorn crop come fall.almgren/Shutterstock.comA drought during the summer could also kill developing seeds. Trees will often shut the pores in their leaves to save water, which also reduces their ability to take in carbon dioxide for photosynthesis.Because all the trees within a local area are experiencing essentially the same weather, these environmental cues can help coordinate their seed production, acting like a reset button they’ve all pushed at the same time.A third intriguing possibility that researchers are still investigating is that trees are “talking” to each other via chemical signals. Scientists know that when a plant is damaged by insects, it often releases chemicals into the air that signal to its other branches and to neighboring plants that they should turn on their defenses. Similar signals could potentially help trees coordinate seed production.Investigation of tree-to-tree communication is still in its infancy, however. For instance, ecologists recently found that chemicals released from the roots of the leafy vegetable mizuna can affect the flowering time of neighboring plants. While this sort of communication is unlikely to account for the rough synchronization of seed production over dozens or even hundreds of miles, it could be important for syncing up a local area.Lots of nuts are good news for the animals that eat them, and the animals who eat them.TessarTheTegu/Shutterstock.comMasting’s effects ripple through the food webWhatever the causes, masting has consequences that flow up and down the food chain.For instance, rodent populations often boom in response to high seed production. This, in turn, results in more food for rodent-eating predators like hawks and foxes; lower nesting success for songbirds, if rodents eat their eggs; and a potentially higher risk of transmission of diseases like hantavirus to people.If the low seed year that follows causes the rodent population to collapse, the effects are reversed.The seeds of masting trees have also historically been important for feeding human populations, either directly or as food for livestock. Acorns were a staple in the diet of Native Americans in California, with families carefully tending particular oaks and storing the nuts for winter. In Spain, the most prized form of ham still comes from pigs that roam through the oak forests, eating up to 20 pounds of acorns each day.Sometimes the ground seems paved in acorns.kurutanx/Shutterstock.comSo the next time you take an autumn walk, check out the ground under your local oak tree – you might just see the evidence of this amazing process.Emily Moran, Assistant Professor of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of California, Merced. This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license.  Please enter your name here Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.last_img read more

Villa J2 / Jonas Lindvall A & D

first_img “COPY” CopyHouses•Falsterbo, Sweden Area:  260 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Architects: Jonas Lindvall A & D Area Area of this architecture project Manufacturers: Architectural Solutions, Henkel, Stolab, VolaSave this picture!© Åke E:son LindmanRecommended ProductsDoorsSky-FrameInsulated Sliding Doors – Sky-Frame ArcResidential ApplicationsULMA Architectural SolutionsAir Facade Panels in Fonsanta RestaurationWoodEGGERLaminatesDoorsSaliceSliding Door System – Slider S20Text description provided by the architects. Villa J2 was completed in 2013. The project began as the revamp of an existing summerhouse dating back to the 1940s. The initial plan included additions and alterations to the existing structure. However, due to building regulations stipulating that the footprint remain unchanged, house was rebuilt entirely.Save this picture!AxonometricFalsterbo is one of the most popular resort regions in southern Sweden, becoming densely populated over summer. Although the site sits within a residential neighbourhood, one of the criteria of the brief was to create a family home that offered privacy. This was achieved by placing the garage at the front of the house, facing the street. Visitors must follow a path that leads alongside the garage to access the home. Although the main areas feature sliding glass partitions that lead to the garden, tall shrubbery borders the site, creating a boundary between the neighbouring houses.Save this picture!© Åke E:son LindmanSave this picture!© Åke E:son LindmanA long, narrow hallway runs along the entire length of the house, leading to the master bedroom suite and the children’s bedrooms. A playroom separates the children’s area from the parents’ area  and the rest of the home. Central to the plan is the integrated kitchen, dining and lounge area, which opens out to a west-facing patio. The main objective was to create a hub within the home, a space that encourages social interaction. To the north, a painted steel spiral staircase leading up to the library, home office and outdoor terrace creates a sculptural focal point against the minimal architecture. With a skylight directly above and a sliding partition leading to a smaller outdoor terrace beyond the staircase, the dramatic, light-filled area was inspired by winter gardens of the past.Save this picture!© Åke E:son LindmanProject gallerySee allShow lessHerzog & de Meuron Unveils Plans for Luxury Loft Residences in MiamiArchitecture NewsKorean Demilitarized Zone Underground Bathhouse Competition Winners AnnouncedArchitecture News Share ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard Houses Projects ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard Villa J2 / Jonas Lindvall A & DSave this projectSaveVilla J2 / Jonas Lindvall A & D Photographscenter_img “COPY” Photographs:  Åke E:son Lindman Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project ArchDaily Year:  Sweden Save this picture!© Åke E:son Lindman+ 16 Share Villa J2 / Jonas Lindvall A & D 2013 CopyAbout this officeJonas Lindvall A & DOfficeFollowProductsWoodConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesFalsterboSwedenPublished on April 02, 2017Cite: “Villa J2 / Jonas Lindvall A & D” 02 Apr 2017. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Browse the CatalogSinkshansgroheBathroom Mixers – Metropol ClassicVinyl Walls3MVinyl Finish – DI-NOC™ Abrasion ResistantPartitionsSkyfoldChoosing the Skyfold Wall for Your SpaceCarpetsB&B ItaliaCarpet – TwistBeams / PillarsLunawoodThermowood Frames and BearersMembranesEffisusHow to use Fire Protection MembranesSoftware / CoursesSculptformSpecification Tool – Price and Spec AppFittingsHOPPEFloor Spring – AR2950DoorsLinvisibileLinvisibile FILO 10 Vertical Pivot Door | BrezzaWood Boards / HPL PanelsInvestwoodViroc Nature for False Ceilings and FlooringFiber Cements / CementsDuctal®Textured PanelAcousticConwedAcoustic Panels – Eurospan®More products »Save想阅读文章的中文版本吗?J2 别墅 / Lindvall A & D是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my streamlast_img read more

pa1925 / Zanderroth Architekten

first_imgManufacturers: EVVA, FSB, Villeroy & Boch ArchDaily Housing Photographs:  Simon Menges Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project CopyHousing•Berlin, Germany 2017 Landscape Architecture: ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard Architects: Zanderroth Architekten Area Area of this architecture project Year:  Area:  14 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Hager & Patner “COPY” Save this picture!© Simon Menges+ 23Curated by Fernanda Castro Share Photographs “COPY” pa1925 / Zanderroth Architekten Projects Load Bearing Structure:Ingenieurbüro Andreas LeipoldBuilding Technology:Ingenieurbüro Lüttgens, BerlinTeam:Christian Roth, Sascha Zander, Michael Spieler, Anne Kaiser, Tilman Heiring, Jan Conradi, Nils Schülke, Elisabeth Schwarz, Ronny BittnerCity:BerlinCountry:GermanyMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Simon MengesRecommended ProductsDoorsRabel Aluminium SystemsMinimal Sliding Door – Rabel 62 Slim Super ThermalDoorsLinvisibileLinvisibile Curved Hinged Door | AlbaMetallicsKriskadecorMetal Fabric – Outdoor CladdingDoorsEGGERWood Laminate Doors in Molecular Plant Science InstituteText description provided by the architects. This new residential complex is located on Pasteurstrasse, a street in the quiet Bötzowkiez area of Berlin’s Prenzlauer Berg. Realized as a joint venture between its future residents, this project comprises of fifty-one units spread across four separate buildings. The complex stands on a site previously occupied by a freestanding supermarket, which has been seamlessly integrated into the ground floor of the building facing the street.Save this picture!© Simon MengesSave this picture!SectionSave this picture!© Simon Menges The project thereby closes a gap in the block, engaging in a retroactive densification of the inner city—but also, above all, repairing a damaged urban fabric. A contextual approach was taken to better integrate the complex with its surroundings: the existing neighborhood, in effect, was simply built further, with the complex adopting the building lines, materials, and colors of its context. The street-facing part of the complex spans across four parcels, thus forming a continuation of the street fronts of the adjacent historical buildings. Behind it are three “garden houses,” which are grouped around a communal courtyard that has been placed on the roof of the ground-floor supermarket. On both sides of the three garden houses, four smaller courtyards are created along the borders with the surrounding properties. Resulting in a wholly new spatial arrangement, a sequence of five courtyards that vary in size, form, and use. The building blends into its neighborhood, despite its use of modern materials. Save this picture!© Simon MengesThe multilayered façade of the streetfacing building, thanks to its translucent appearance, creates varied, constantly changing surface effects that can be appreciated from both inside and out. The folding shutter elements, made of anodized expanded metal, play with the residents’ perception of their surroundings and work with seemingly irreconcilable contradictions. Depending on the time of day, the lighting situation, and sunlight exposure, the building appears somewhere between open and closed, light and heavy, bright and dark. In this way, it creates a connection between interior and exterior while also providing the privacy necessary for those spaces facing the street. Within the interior of the block, the boundaries between inside and outside are similarly blurred. The continuous balconies with their exposed-concrete parapets seem to thrust outwards from the buildings, creating a fluid transition between domestic and outdoor space. The courtyards provide green living spaces in the middle of the big city. Save this picture!© Simon MengesSave this picture!PlanSave this picture!© Simon MengesThe different residential buildings feature a variety of living types and apartment sizes. Their main feature is the flexibility within which their floor plans can be subdivided, thereby accommodating the individual needs of the inhabitants. The simple structure of the buildings leaves plenty of leeway for residents to design the spaces themselves before moving in, and also provides the opportunity to adjust the apartments to changing uses and needs later on. The units range from two- to five-bedroom apartments. Starting at 60 square meters and going up to 200 square meters, the units offer generous proportions and occasionally span two, even three, floors. Floor-to-ceiling windows mean well-lit rooms and a connection to the outside. Each apartment also includes access to a private outdoor area (be it a balcony, a terrace, a garden, or a rooftop garden).Save this picture!© Simon MengesProject gallerySee allShow lessHouse in Tschengla / Innauer-Matt ArchitektenSelected ProjectsReGEN House / EKARSelected ProjectsProject locationAddress:Pasteurstraße 19-25, Berlin, GermanyLocation to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address. Share Germany ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard pa1925 / Zanderroth ArchitektenSave this projectSavepa1925 / Zanderroth Architekten CopyAbout this officeZanderroth ArchitektenOfficeFollow#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousingBerlinGermanyPublished on January 19, 2018Cite: “pa1925 / Zanderroth Architekten” 19 Jan 2018. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Browse the CatalogAluminium CompositesTechnowoodHow to Design a Façade with AluProfile Vertical ProfilesSynthetics / AsphaltMitrexSolar RoofMetal PanelsAurubisCopper Alloy: Nordic RoyalPlumbingSanifloGreywater Pump – Sanifast®SWH190WoodLunawoodInterior ThermowoodMembranesEffisusAVCL Systems for FacadesSinksCosentinoBathroom Collection – Silestone® WashbasinsDoorsStudcoPocket Door Trims – CavKitWoodStructureCraftEngineering – Architectural & FreeformMetal PanelsRHEINZINKPanel Surface Finish – prePATINA-LineHanging LampsEureka LightingSuspended Lights – BloomMetallicsBaileyFacade Systems- I-Line Snap-On Feature ChannelMore products »Save想阅读文章的中文版本吗?公寓 1925 / Zanderroth Architekten是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my streamlast_img read more

Prudential staff fundraise for Muscular Dystrophy through healthy eating

first_img TV chef Antony Worrall Thompson has created a healthy menu this week for staff at financial services company Prudential’s office in Stirling, and for every lunch they buy the company will make a donation to the Muscular Dystrophy Campaign, its Charity of the Year.Prudential’s Health Eating Week runs from 9 to 13 January 2006.Antony Worrall Thompson said: “This week Pru staff can try my seared soy glazed tuna with Asian crunch salad for lunch, and for every meal purchased a donation will be made to the Muscular Dystrophy Campaign. It’s healthy, delicious and all for a good cause.” Advertisement AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Tagged with: Recruitment / people About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of Researching massive growth in giving. Prudential staff fundraise for Muscular Dystrophy through healthy eating Howard Lake | 10 January 2006 | News  30 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThislast_img read more

Individuals shortlisted for IoF National Awards

first_img Howard Lake | 9 April 2014 | News In this latter category, 12-year-old Jack Butt was nominated for his achievement f raising over £14,000 to thank the hospital staff who saved his life after he was diagnosed with a large brain tumour.George Dove raised over £60,000 for medical research following his diagnosis with type 1 diabetes and has inspired others in a similar situation through his public speaking.Jonjo Heuerman has raised £143,000 and taken on charity challenges including climbing Mount Snowdon following on from the death of his grandmother due to bowel cancer.Peter Lewis, Chief Executive of the Institute of Fundraising said:“All of the people shortlisted in these categories deserve huge congratulations. The dedication, passion, and commitment that they have demonstrated are an inspiration to all of us”. Advertisement  10 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis The Institute of Fundraising has announced the shortlist for the individual fundraising award categories in its 2014 National Awards. There are four categories that recognise individuals, including a new category of ‘IoF Volunteer of the Year’. This recognises the volunteer “who has demonstrated outstanding commitment to the fundraising community, through their involvement in an IoF Group or committee”.The shortlisted entrants are:Best Up and Coming FundraiserCatherine DaleGita LuzKate WestVolunteer Fundraiser of the YearDierdre TyddJenny AshmanMark RobertsKenneth Syvret MBEIoF Volunteer of the YearCarol AkiwumiPippa LockDeanna WolfChild Fundraiser of the YearGeorge DoveJack ButtJonjo Heuerman The winners will be announced at the IoF National Awards Ceremony dinner at the Hilton London Metropole.center_img AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Individuals shortlisted for IoF National Awards About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of Researching massive growth in giving.last_img read more

Looking for the Best Strategy? Ask a Chimp

first_imgScience and Technology Looking for the Best Strategy? Ask a Chimp By CYNTHIA ELLER Published on Thursday, June 5, 2014 | 11:17 am More Cool Stuff EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS First Heatwave Expected Next Week Top of the News Colin F. Camerer, Robert Kirby Professor of Behavioral Economics. Photo courtesy Caltech.eduIf you’re trying to outwit the competition, it might be better to have been born a chimpanzee, according to a study by researchers at Caltech, which found that chimps at the Kyoto University Primate Research Institute consistently outperform humans in simple contests drawn from game theory.The study, led by Colin Camerer, Robert Kirby Professor of Behavioral Economics, and appearing on June 5 in the online publication Scientific Reports, involved a simple game of hide-and-seek that researchers call the Inspection Game. In the game, two players (either a pair of chimps or a pair of humans) are set up back to back, each facing a computer screen. To start the game, each player pushes a circle on the monitor and then selects one of two blue boxes on the left or right side of the screen. After both players have chosen left or right, the computer shows each player her opponent’s choice. This continues through 200 iterations per game. The goal of the players in the “hiding” role—the “mismatchers”—is to choose the opposite of their opponent’s selection. Players in the “seeking” role—the “matchers”—win if they make the same choices as their opponent. Winning players receive a reward: a chunk of apple for the chimps or a small coin for the humans. If players are to win repeatedly, they have to accurately predict what their opponent will do next, anticipating their strategy.The game, though simple, replicates a situation that is common in the everyday lives of both chimps and humans. Study coauthor Peter Bossaerts, a visiting associate in finance at Caltech, gives an example from human life: an employee who wants to work only when her employer is watching and prefers to play video games when unobserved. To better conceal her secret video game obsession, the employee must learn the patterns of the employer’s behavior—when they might or might not be around to check up on the worker. Employers who suspect their employees are up to no good, however, need to be unpredictable, popping in randomly to see what the staff is doing on company time.The Inspection Game not only models such situations, it also provides methods to quantify behavioral choices. “The nice thing about the game theory used in this study is that it allows you to boil down all of these situations to their strategic essence,” explains Caltech graduate student and coauthor Rahul Bhui.However cleverly you play the Inspection Game, if your opponent is also playing strategically, there is a limit to how often you can win. That limit, many game theorists agree, is best described by the Nash equilibrium, named for mathematician John Forbes Nash Jr., winner of the 1994 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, whose life and career provided the inspiration for the Academy Award–winning 2001 film A Beautiful Mind.In the first part of this study, coauthors Chris Martin and Tetsuro Matsuzawa compared the game play of six common chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and 16 Japanese students, always facing off against their own species, in the Kyoto research facility. The humans behaved as expected based on previous experiments; that is, they played reasonably well, slowly learning to predict opponent choices, but they did not play optimally. They ended up somewhat off the Nash equilibrium.The performance of the chimps was far more impressive: they learned the game rapidly and nearly attained the predictions of the Nash theorem for optimal play. They continued to do so even as researchers introduced changes into the game, first by having players switch roles—matchers (seekers) becoming mismatchers (hiders), and vice versa—and then by adjusting the payoffs such that matchers received greater rewards when matching on one side of the screen (left or right) rather than the other. This latter adjustment changes the Nash equilibrium for the game, and the chimps changed right along with it.In a second phase of the experiment in Bossou, Guinea, 12 adult men were asked to face one another in pairs. Instead of touching dots on a computer screen on the left or right, the men in Bossou each had a bottle cap that they placed top up or top down. As in the Kyoto experiments, one player in each pair was a mismatcher (hider) and the other was a matcher (seeker). However, the stakes were much higher in Bossou, amounting to about one full day’s earnings for the winner, as opposed to the rewards for the Japanese students, who received a handful of one yen coins. Still, the players in Bossou did not match chimpanzee performance, landing as far off the Nash equilibrium as the Japanese students did.A couple of simple explanations could account for the ability of these chimpanzees to outperform humans in the game. First, these particular chimps had more extensive training at this kind of task as well as more experience with the equipment used at the Research Institute than the human subjects did. Second, the chimps in Kyoto were related to one another—they played in mother-child pairs—and thus may have had intimate knowledge, borne of long acquaintance, of the sequence of choices their opponents would probably make.Neither explanation seems likely, researchers say. Although the Japanese students may not have had experience with the type of touch screens employed in the Kyoto facility, they certainly had encountered video games and touch screens prior to the experiment. Meanwhile, the players in Bossou knew each other very well prior to the experiments and had the additional advantage of seeing one another while they played, yet they performed no better than the Japanese students.Superior chimpanzee performance could be due to excellent short-term memory, a particular strength in chimps. This has been shown in other experiments undertaken at the Kyoto facility. In one game, a sequence of numbers is briefly flashed on the computer touch screen, and then the numbers quickly revert to white squares. Players must tap the squares in the sequence corresponding to the numbers they were initially shown. Chimpanzees are brilliant at this task, as video from the experiment shows; humans find it much more challenging, as seen in video from the Primate Research Center.But before we join a species-specific pity party over our inferior brains, rest assured that researchers offer other explanations for chimpanzee superiority at the Inspection Game. There are two possible explanations that researchers currently find plausible. The first has to do with the roles of competition and cooperation in chimpanzee versus human societies; the second with the differential evolution of human and chimpanzee brains since our evolutionary paths split between 4 and 5 million years ago.The past half-century has seen an enormous divergence of opinion as to how cooperative or competitive humans “naturally” are, and though this debate is far from settled, it is clear that wherever humans sit on the cooperative/competitive scale, common chimpanzees are more competitive with one another than we are. They create and continuously update a strong status and dominance hierarchy. (Another type of chimpanzee, Pan paniscus, or the bonobo, is considerably more cooperative than Pan troglodytes, but the former has not been studied as extensively as the latter.) Humans, in contrast, are highly prosocial and cooperative. Camerer notes that this difference is apparent in chimp and human social development. “While young chimpanzees hone their competitive skills with constant practice, playing hide-and-seek and wrestling, ” says Camerer, “their human counterparts shift at a young age from competition to cooperation using our special skill at language.”Language is probably a key factor here. In the Inspection Game experiments, humans were not allowed to speak with one another, despite language being “key to human strategic interaction,” according to Martin.Language is also implicated in the “cognitive tradeoff hypothesis,” the second explanation for the chimps’ superior performance in the Inspection Game. According to this hypothesis, developed by Matsuzawa, the brain growth and specialization that led to distinctly human cognitive capacities such as language and categorization also caused us to process certain simpler competitive situations—like the Inspection Game—more abstractly and less automatically than our chimpanzee cousins.These explanations remain speculative, but eventually, Bhui predicts, new technologies will make it possible to “map out the set of brain circuits that humans and chimps rely upon so we can discover whether or not human strategic choices go down a longer pathway or get diffused into different parts of the brain compared to chimps.”Funding for this experiment, described in a paper entitled “Chimpanzee choice rates in competitive games match equilibrium predictions,” was provided by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology in Japan; the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation; the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada; and Caltech’s Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences. 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Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyCitizen Service CenterPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Business News 14 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Community News Subscribe Community Newslast_img read more

Belltable:Connect bursary to help artists explore a new idea in May

first_img Previous articleLimerick Post Show | Mags Boland Murphy | Bofin ConsultancyNext articleNaming competition for baby pygmy goats born at Bunratty Folk Park extended Cian Reinhardthttp://www.limerickpost.ieJournalist & Digital Media Coordinator. Covering human interest and social issues as well as creating digital content to accompany news stories. [email protected] TAGSartistsbelltableCoronavirusCovid 19theatre RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Twitter WhatsApp Covid antibody testing opens to public at Shannon Airport BELLTABLE Theatre in Limerick City has announced a new bursary to facilitate some “creative thinking time” for 10 artists during the COVID-19 emergency.Following restrictions put in place by the government to stop the spread of COVID-19 in Ireland, many artists have seen their shows postponed or cancelled, with many having to put full tours on hold.Sign up for the weekly Limerick Post newsletter Sign Up Belltable:Connect has announced €10,000 worth of bursaries available to local artists to “explore” new ideas in May.Since its inception in 2016, the initiative has supported a range of theatre makers through mentorship, residencies, commissions, professional development programmes, and many other events and facilities.Marketta Dowling, Belltable:Connect programme manager said the group wants to play its part “to help local theatre-makers make it just a little easier to dream and research”.She said, “We’re aware that when creative plans were disrupted, some of our colleagues may have more time on their hands, while others have taken on caring responsibilities.“With this in mind, we have €10,000 in bursaries, thanks to Belltable:Connect’s principal funder, the Arts Council, and our partners.”10 bursaries of €1,000 each are offered for local theatre artists to explore a new idea for about five days throughout the month of May.A further €2,500 was made available by Limerick Culture and Arts Office via Creative Ireland: Made in Limerick funding strand for one Stage 1 bursary recipients to take their idea further.Stage 1 of the bursary scheme will open to applications on Friday, 24 April 2020.For more information visit Linkedin Limerick playwright Mike Finn returns this summer with a new site-responsive production Waiting For Poirot Lasta: a National Arts Programme casting call for young Limerick people center_img Print Advertisement Government announces phased easing of public health restrictions LifestyleArtsNewsCommunityBelltable:Connect bursary to help artists explore a new idea in MayBy Cian Reinhardt – April 22, 2020 105 Facebook Email Limerick health chiefs urge public not to withhold information on virus contacts, as they investigate “complex and serious outbreaks” across midwest region Institute of Public Health addresses loneliness as a challenge to national health in light of Covid-19 restrictionslast_img read more

Main Evening News, Sport and Obituaries Monday 12th February

first_img Main Evening News, Sport and Obituaries Monday 12th February By News Highland – February 12, 2018 Facebook RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Google+ Pinterest Google+ WhatsApp Previous articleMickey Harte calls for challenge on style of play agendaNext articleAlan Partridge rising Phoenix-like at the BBC News Highland Important message for people attending LUH’s INR clinic Pinterest Facebookcenter_img Twitter DL Debate – 24/05/21 Twitter Arranmore progress and potential flagged as population grows WhatsApp Main Evening News, Sport and Obituaries Monday 12th February:Audio Player Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume. Homepage BannerNews News, Sport and Obituaries on Monday May 24th Loganair’s new Derry – Liverpool air service takes off from CODA Nine til Noon Show – Listen back to Monday’s Programmelast_img read more