Marco Djuricin’s third goal of the season gave Brentford a thoroughly deserved lead at the break.The Austrian struck on 17 minutes, his shot deflecting off Danny Batth and looping over Wolves keeper Damian Martinez.While the finish may have owed a little to good fortune, the Bees excellent start to the game merited a goal.Alan Judge was particularly sharp early on, seeing a free-kick deflected wide, while Djuricin was a constant menace to the Wolves defence.Brentford’s passing was crisp, with Ryan Woods and John Swift linking up play well, and Wolves were limited to off-target efforts from James Henry and Adam Le Fondre.Bees keeper David Button was forced into his only save late in the first half when he palmed away an effort from Liverpool loanee Sheyi Ojo.Brentford: Button; Yannaris, Dean, Tarkowski, Bidwell; McCormack, Diagouraga; Judge, Woods, Swift; Djuricin.Subs: Bonham, Hofmann, Kerschbaumer, Vibe, Gogia, O’Connell, Canos.Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
SANTA CLARA — As the 49ers packed in the locker room for Friday’s trip to Tampa, several stopped to console and encourage one of their teammates who’s essentially being left behind this season: running Jerick McKinnon.Complications from last year’s knee injury sent McKinnon on season-ending injured reserve Saturday, and he underwent a follow-up procedure Tuesday that has him on cructhes and his right knee bandaged within a brace.“It’s about making sure I’m 100 percent coming back next year,” …
 Scully, Ruby Prosser. 2019. World’s Biggest Bee Found After 40 Years. New Scientist 3219:19. March 2. Marshall, Michael. 2019. Beware Evolutionary just-so Stories. New Scientist 241(3219): 25. March 2. Morris, Richard. 2001. The Evolutionists: The Struggle for Darwin’s Soul. New York: Freeman. pp. 78-92. Main, Douglas. 2019. World’s largest bee, once presumed extinct, filmed alive in the wild. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/2019/02/worlds-largest-bee-rediscovered-not-extinct/ Grimaldi, David and Michael S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press. Brodsky, Andrei K. 1996. The Evolution of Insect Flight. New York: Oxford University Press: 30. 21-30. Poinar, George, 1992. Life in Amber. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. pp. 1-15. Poinar, George and Roberta Poinar. 1994. The Quest for Life in Amber. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. Brodsky, 1996. pp. 81-97. Poinar, George and Roberta Poinar. 1999. The Amber Forest: A Reconstruction of a Vanished World. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University PressDr. Jerry Bergman has taught biology, genetics, chemistry, biochemistry, anthropology, geology, and microbiology at several colleges and universities including for over 40 years at Bowling Green State University, Medical College of Ohio where he was a research associate in experimental pathology, and The University of Toledo. He is a graduate of the Medical College of Ohio, Wayne State University in Detroit, the University of Toledo, and Bowling Green State University. He has over 1,300 publications in 12 languages and 40 books and monographs. His books and textbooks that include chapters that he authored, are in over 1,500 college libraries in 27 countries. So far over 80,000 copies of the 40 books and monographs that he has authored or co-authored are in print. For more articles by Dr Bergman, see his Author Profile.(Visited 586 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 Big Bees Challenge Evolution: Explaining the Role of Just-so-Storiesby Jerry Bergman, PhDDarwinists picture evolution as a tree with a thick trunk and numerous branches extending up and outward. This tree represents evolution from one life form at the base of the tree evolving into something else, then the descendents branching out into the limbs and tips in a process of “descent with modification.” Every one of the estimated millions of life forms that have lived on earth up to the present day, including us, came from this single trunk, evolutionists teach. New fossil discoveries are indeed supporting a branching tree like evolution – but they are producing an upside down tree! Many life forms are found near the base of the tree and, due to extinction, fewer are found as we move up the tree. These new discoveries include many thousands of extinct animals, documenting the fact that many more life forms existed in the past and fewer exist today. The picture is opposite what Darwin envisioned, supporting instead the Genesis creation account of an early biosphere much more diverse than ours today.Recently, one more of many thousands of “living fossils” thought to be extinct was discovered alive and well. This new species was a giant bee that had a wing span of 6 cm and “fierce mandibles.” Enormously large insects, such as dragonflies, have been discovered in the fossil record, many exquisitely preserved in amber or in fossil impressions in rock. The “giant dragonflies” are called ‘griffin flies’ or Meganisopterans, an extinct family of insects. All were larger than today’s dragonflies and damselflies. The very largest of these was Meganeuropsis. Fossils of this huge insect were first described by Frank Carpenter in 1939. The wing of this fossil was, and still is, exhibited in the Comparative Zoology Museum at Harvard University.Evolutionary Just-so-StoriesAn article in New Scientist, Britain’s premiere general science magazine, cautioned, when researching the evolution of life, “beware [of] evolutionary just-so-stories.” Just So Stories is the title of a 1902 collection of fanciful origin stories by the British author Rudyard Kipling. This classic of children’s literature is among Kipling’s best-known works. The fictional stories include such tales as how leopards got their spots, how camels got humps, and how zebras got their stripes. In one example, the elephant got its snout as a result of a tug-of-war fight that stretched his originally short trunk into the size it is today. The long trunk was presumably inherited by all the elephant’s descendants, perhaps as a version of Lamarckism, which was widely discussed back then.The expression “just-so-stories” today is used to describe similar stories that lack a factual basis. It was popularized by the late Harvard University Professor Stephen Jay Gould (1941-2002), famous for putting science into layman’s terms. A paleontologist, evolutionary biologist, and historian of science, Gould was one of the most influential and widely-read authors of popular science in the last century. He was also well-known for his unusual honesty about the major problems with evolution, for which he was condemned by some orthodox evolutionists (and frequently quoted by Darwin skeptics). His critics included some of the leading evolutionists alive today, Richard Dawkins and Daniel Dennett.The Living Fossil Big BeeEvery now and then one of these ancient giant insects is discovered to be still living today. An example is the world’s largest bee, Megachile pluto, which was recently rediscovered on an Indonesian island. The bee, which grows up to an inch and a half long and has a wingspan of 2.5 inches, is roughly four times larger than a honeybee. Morphologically, it is clearly a bee, and yet it is very different from all of the bees we are familiar with, especially the honeybee. Called a living fossil, it has very large un-bee like mandibles that resemble those of a stag beetle. The bee uses its large mandibles to scrape sticky tree resin and wood off trees. It then uses the resin as glue to build burrows within—of all places—termite nests. The female bees use the nest to raise their young, just like honeybees use their beehives to rear their young.  Like other bees, Megachile feeds on nectar and pollen.Reported widely by the press, this find created an interest in the enormous variety of insect life on earth. Unfortunately, labels such as “primitive” are often applied by evolutionary scientists and reporters to describe life assumed to have existed eons ago, but this ancient bee was anything than primitive. It had as complex a body and brain as modern insects have. How do we know this? The answer lies in the way they were preserved.Amber as a Time CapsuleThousands of insects have been preserved in amber (hardened tree resin). Many look nearly identical to what they looked like when they were first entombed in the sticky amber glob which eventually turns into a hard shell. Inside amber, entire organisms are enclosed into crystal time capsules that appear to stop time, giving scientists windows into past ecological systems. Even the details of wing structure, including the fine filament structures that make up the wing support system, are effectively preserved in exquisite detail.Amber is not tree sap, but rather is hardened plant resin. The resin is a semi-solid amorphous organic substance secreted in pockets and canals through epithelial cells of the tree. Plants secrete resins for their protective benefits in response to injury. As part of the tree repair system, resin also protects the plant from harmful insects and pathogens. This aromatic resin oozes from the tree and flows down the tree trunk, filling external fissures, while at the same time trapping seeds, feathers and insects. Some of the resin oozes out of trees, trapping debris such as leaves and bacteria. The hardened resin becomes buried and is fossilized by a natural polymerization of the original organic compounds.Fact and FictionThe fossil record the amber produces is unambiguous: no evidence of body or even wing evolution exists. All insects entombed in amber, or having left impressions in the rock fossil record, already had fully developed functional wings. The description of fossils in amber is not a just-so-story. In the current case, the descriptive details about the giant bee Megachile, its body and its habitat, are also not just-so-stories, but are observable facts. The tales told about evolution of wings “from an unknown ancestor” to fully functional wings, conversely, requires a set of hypothetical scenarios, i.e., just-so-stories.Many insects discovered in amber are, as far as we can tell, either identical to their modern counterparts, or are very different. Even so, like the Megachile pluto bee, the different species appear just as highly “evolved” as any modern insect. One cannot get an evolutionary story out of the observable facts. Consequently, discussions of the evolution of insects involve the practice of inventing just-so-stories to support that hypothetical evolution. With the so-called “Amber Forest” (fossil record of amber) we have a fairly good picture of the insect population in the ancient world. We do not need just-so-stories to describe the record. Evolutionists, though, depend on stories to try to explain insect origins, as if to add chapters to Kipling’s book, e.g., “How the Bee Got Its Wings.” Creationists let the facts speak for themselves. They realize that Darwinian just-so-stories are mere attempts to fit the facts into an evolutionary framework.SummaryWe have the advantage with the Megachile pluto “living fossil” that we can study its modern nest and behavior to infer the traits of its fossilized counterparts. We can observe its complexity directly. To postulate the bee’s origin, though, Darwinists must use just-so-stories. They appeal to imagination to come up with what they consider plausible narratives to account for unobservable histories, such as how a hypothetical “bee ancestor” without wings became a true bee with wings, including the muscles, nerves and brains to use them. Scientists and laypersons alike need to separate fact from fiction. They need to identify and filter out any just-so-stories used to concoct an evolutionary scenario. This requires asking what has been observed vs what has been imagined, because the giant bee in amber silently proclaims, “I was designed to fly!” Describing insects fossilized in amber is a matter of observable fact. Describing how they “evolved” is storytelling.
Emeritus Professor Phillip V Tobias, an acclaimed South African anthropologist, with a collection of fossil hominid skulls from east and southern Africa at the Fossil Laboratory of the University of the Witwatersrand. The skull and jawbone of the Taung Child, a famous specimen of Australopithecus africanus, are directly in front of him. (Image: MediaClubSouthAfrica.com. For more images, visit the image library) MEDIA CONTACTS • Prof. Andrew Crouch Dean: Wits University science faculty + 27 11 717 6011 RELATED ARTICLES • Rocking in the Cradle • Unearthing our human ancestors • World heritage in South Africa • Khoisan couple home at lastLucille Davie / City of JohannesburgOne of South Africa’s most distinguished scientists, Phillip Valentine Tobias, passed away on 7 June after a long illness.Tobias, professor emeritus of anatomy and human biology, and a respected palaeontologist at Wits University, was 86.“We extend our deepest sympathies to the friends and family of Professor Tobias, and those who knew him well,” the university said in a statement.President Jacob Zuma added his condolences, saying: “We have lost a renowned scientist, a scholar and a unique human being. Our country remains eternally proud of his work. On behalf of government and the people of South Africa, we extend our deepest condolences and may his soul rest in peace.”Tobias was born in Durban 1925, and was acknowledged worldwide as an expert in anatomy, human biology and evolution as well as the analysis of human fossils. He received as many as 18 honorary degrees from around the globe over the course of his career.Accolades awarded Tobias over the years range from the Order of Meritorious Service (gold class) and the Order of the Southern Cross of South Africa, to the Fellow of the Royal Society of London and the Charles Darwin Lifetime Achievement Award. The City of Johannesburg awarded him the Walter Sisulu Special Contribution Award in 2007.He taught some 10 000 students over his almost 50 years at Wits.“I like to think that I have had a moderately good impact on some of them [his students], and bless them, they’re always telling me this when I meet them in Edmonton in Canada, Sydney, Nairobi, Hong Kong, New York and Cambridge,” Tobias said in a 2009 interview with the City of Johannesburg.He said at the time that what made him tick was his love of people and humanity.“I was one of those strange professors who loved his students. By being available to them at all times to help them with their problems and with constructive, creative advice and trying to widen their horizons.”Although frail, up until recently, he drove himself to work on most days, where he had an office at the Wits Medical School. He was still active, answering emails, seeing visitors from all over the world, writing speeches and chapters or forewords for books, and seeing students who sought his advice.His personal assistant, Felicity Krowitz said in 2009: “He goes out of his way to assist anyone with anything. He is so sprightly, so on-the-ball intellectually. His memory is unbelievable.”60 years at WitsTobias had been at Wits for over 60 years – he graduated from the university in 1950. He had simultaneously been professor at the university in the fields of anatomy, palaeonanthropology and zoology. His other work included being dean, emeritus professor, honorary professorial research fellow and director of the Sterkfontein Research Unit.In his time at the university, he served as professor of anatomy and human biology and served as head of these departments until 1990.From 1980 to 1982 he served as dean of the faculty of medicine, and was honorary professor of palaeoanthropology and zoology.In 1994 he was made professor emeritus of anatomy and human biology and honorary professorial research fellow in anatomical sciences. All of these positions he held until his death.Tobias had also served as visiting professor at the universities of Pennsylvania, Florence, Cornell and Vienna, among others.As a world authority in palaeoanthropology, he has authored over 1 000 publications, including 40 books and monographs and over 90 chapters in books in anatomy and palaeoanthropology and other areas.In 2005 he published the first part of his autobiography, Into the Past, a memoir. He was working on the second part when he died.His has written biographies of anthropologists and books on the philosophy and history of science, all the while being nominated for a Nobel Prize three times.Excavations at SterkfonteinTobias had supervised excavations at Sterkfontein for the past 46 years, since 1966, where over 600 fossil hominids have been recovered, and where over a third of all known early hominid fossils have been found.His other excavations were at other major fossil sites like Taung in the North West province, Makapansgat in Limpopo, and sites in Tanzania and Kenya.“Tobias made the Wits’ department of anatomy (as it was then called) a major world centre of palaeoanthropological research and teaching,” said Prof Beverley Kramer.Kramer is the professor of anatomy at the school of anatomical sciences at the university. She was speaking at the opening of an exhibition on Tobias at the Adler Museum of Medicine, in May 2008.“Phillip brought great acclaim, not only to the department, but also to the faculty of health sciences and to his university.”Wits added to its statement by saying Tobias was internationally renowned for his scholarship and dedication to a better understanding of the origin, behaviour and survival of humanity.“For his many major scholarly contributions to palaeoanthropology, anatomy, human biology, cultural anthropology, the evolution of the brain, cytogenetics and the history and philosophy of science.”Over the years Tobias had been offered posts around the world, but he always turned them down, happy to stay at his alma mater, from which he obtained five degrees.“Unlike many of his contemporaries who left South Africa in the 1950s, Phillip stayed on and committed himself to maintaining high standards of scholarship and personal integrity during the difficult years,” said Nobel laureate Sydney Brenner, in the foreword to Into the Past, a memoir.Opposed injusticesTobias opposed the injustices of apartheid, both as a student and as a lecturer at Wits. He was president of the non-racial National Union of South African Students, which opposed segregated education. He also participated in protests against the Group Areas Act, the Suppression of Communism Act, the Population Registration Act and other oppressive laws.Together with his colleagues, he complained to the South African Medical Council regarding the treatment of Steve Biko, who died in police custody in 1977.“Tobias was renowned for his sustained campaign against racism and for upholding and fighting for human rights and freedoms,” said the university’s statement.“In recent years he publicly protested against xenophobia, government’s initial HIV/Aids policies and its delay in granting the Dalai Lama a visa to enter South Africa.”He loved reading whodunits, with his favourite authors being PD James, Agatha Christie, Ngaio Marsh, Dorothy Allingham and Kathy Reichs. Classical music was his genre of choice, especially choral music. He used to go to his home town of Durban twice a year for his holidays, enjoying relaxing at the sea.“People, conversation, chocolates and watching the waves at the seashore,” was how Tobias described his holidays in 2009.
16 March 2015The Castle Lager Proteas achieved their most emphatic victory in ICC World Cup history when they beat Sri Lanka by 9 wickets with all of 32 overs to spare in their quarter-final match at The Sydney Cricket Ground on Wednesday.It was the Proteas’ first victory in a knock-out World Cup match and the shortest knock- out match in the history of the World Cup.The Proteas now play the winners of Saturday’s quarter-final between New Zealand and the West Indies in next Tuesday’s semi-final in Auckland.In terms of the impact this result will have the only comparable match played by the Proteas at a World Cup is their first ever World Cup match against Australia at the same venue on February 26, 1992, when they routed their hosts, who included the likes of Dean Jones, Allan Border and Steve Waugh, by an identical 9 wickets.What will have pleased the Proteas the most will have been the return to his sublime best of Quinton de Kock (78 not out off 57 balls, 12 fours) as well as the fact they won after losing the toss and having to chase what was admittedly a small target.There was also the fact that the Proteas were at their very best in all three disciplines of batting, bowling and fielding.Dale Steyn, Kyle Abbott (who replaced the injured Vernon Philander) and Morne Morkel made the early breakthrough up front and then the two spinners took over, taking 7 wickets between them for 55 runs in 17.2 overs.Imran Tahir was named Man of the Match (4/26), while JP Duminy’s 3/29 included South Africa’s first-ever World Cup hat trick, the World Cup’s second-ever hat trick, and the second South African hat trick after Charl Langeveldt against the West Indies in 2005.It was also Duminy’s career-best, taking him past the milestone of 50 international wickets.Hashim Amla and De Kock then reduced the target of 134 to a routine affair with an opening stand of 40 before De Kock finished the job by timing the ball peerlessly into the gaps and mixing it with moments of untamed aggression.It was a sad end to the World Cup careers of two Sri Lankan and world legends – Mahela Jayawardene and Kumar Sangakkara.The Castle Lager Proteas face Sri Lanka at the Sydney Cricket Ground at 5.30am on Wednesday. The build up for the quarterfinal starts at 4.30am on SuperSport 2, SABC3 & Radio 2000.WORLD CUP MATCHESGroup matches15 February, 3am: South Africa beat Zimbabwe.22 February, 5.30am: India beat South Africa.27 February, 5.30am: South beat West Indies.3 March, 5.30am: South Africa beat Ireland.7 March, 3am: Pakistan beat South Africa.12 March, 3am: South Africa beat United Arab Emirates.Quater-finals18 March, 5.30am: South Africa beat Sri Lanka19 March, 5.30am: Bangladesh v India, Melbourne Cricket Ground20 March, 5.30am: Australia v Pakistan, Adelaide Oval21 March, 3am: New Zealand v West Indies, Westpac Stadium, WellingtonSemifinals24 March, 3am: Eden Park, Auckland26 March, 5.30am: Sydney Cricket GroundFinal29 March, 5.30am: Melbourne Cricket GroundSource: Cricket South Africa and ICC
zoomImage Courtesy: Maersk Danish shipping group A.P. Moller-Maersk is forecasting higher profits in 2019 after delivering improved results in 2018.For 2019, Maersk expects EBITDA of around USD 5 billion including effects from IFRS 16, and around USD 4 billion excluding effects from IFRS 16.The organic volume growth in Ocean is expected to be in line with the estimated average market growth of 1-3% for 2019.“Maersk’s guidance for 2019 is subject to considerable uncertainties due to the current risk of further restrictions on global trade and other factors impacting container freight rates, bunker prices and foreign exchange rates,” the company said.In 2018, A.P. Moller – Maersk reported an increase in revenue of 26% to USD 39 billion compared to USD 30.9 billion reported a year earlier, with growth in all segments. EBITDA for the year was USD 3.8 billion, increasing from USD 3.5 billion seen in 2017, in line with the company’s latest guidance of USD 3.6 – 4 billion.Net profit including discontinued operations was USD 3.2 billion, against a loss of USD 1.2 billion reported in the previous year, positively impacted by an accounting gain of USD 2.6 billion from the closing of the Maersk Oil transaction in 2018 and an impairment in Maersk Drillingof USD 1.75 billion in 2017.“In 2018, we made significant progress in implementing our strategy. With the expected demerger and listing of Maersk Drilling in April, the separation of our Energy-related businesses will be almost complete,” said Søren Skou, CEO of A.P. Moller – Maersk.The improvement in operating earnings was driven by higher freight rates, efficiencies gained from the integration of continuing operations, and synergies from the acquisition of Hamburg Süd.However, margins in continuing operations were challenged and EBITDA was lower than initially expected at the beginning of the year, primarily due to an increase in bunker fuel prices not fully recovered by higher freight rates, the company explained.“Although we had a challenging start to 2018, looking at our financial performance, we increased earnings despite significantly higher bunker fuel prices and lower than expected container volume growth in the second half of 2018. However, profitability needs to improve,” Søren Skou added.