This monitoring program — started by the Sitka Tribe of Alaska six years ago — is addressing a huge need. Tlingit & Haida is one of 16 tribes that contribute to the shellfish monitoring network. The new climate change adaptation plan is intended for tribes across the region to use as a template to add to. (Photo by Elizabeth Jenkins/Alaska’s Energy Desk) They tell him neither. They’re working with tribal governments. But Weitzel is doing a different task. Weitzel said as he started to the put the policy together, he noticed gaps. His coworkers at the Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes of Alaska are on the shore — dragging rakes across the sand to collect butter clams, muscles and cockles to be tested for paralytic shellfish poisoning. A man tending to a beach fire nearby asks the team if they’re testing on behalf of the state or the feds. Paddock said the region doesn’t necessarily fit the mold for the rest of state. But the concerns are still valid. “A lot of Southeast is the near-shore environment, where the state has more jurisdiction,” Holen said. “But right now, they don’t have the resources to do a lot of the monitoring that needs to be done.” About a month ago, the butter clams at this location in Juneau tested positive for paralytic shellfish poisoning. (Photo by Elizabeth Jenkins/Alaska’s Energy Desk) At a time when climate change information has disappeared from federal and state websites, Paddock said owning that research will give tribal governments some added assurance. But Weitzel says consuming this important subsistence resource can be a little like rolling the dice, as warming ocean temperatures become increasingly persistent. “All the data was focused on Northern Alaska, where the squeaky wheel is getting the oil,” he said. “I remember all the times as a kid in Hoonah crying because I wanted McDonald’s and not something out of the ocean,” Weitzel said. Davin Holen said he isn’t surprised there’s not more research that’s relevant to Southeast Alaska. Holen works with Alaska Sea Grant and helps coastal communities with climate change policies. He assisted Tlingit & Haida with the creation of their plan. But he admits it wasn’t always his favorite food. Back on the shoreline, a class of kindergartners randomly show up, as the Tlingit & Haida environmental team finish collecting the shellfish to be sent off to a lab in Sitka. In about a week, the lab results will be back, indicating whether or not the shellfish are safe to eat. And now, Southeast Alaska’s largest tribe has a plan. It wants the region to be included in the climate change discussion. Raymond Paddock, the environmental coordinator at Tlingit & Haida, described the changes that Southeast Alaska is experiencing as “more nuanced.” Aside from the rapidly-retreating glaciers, there’s a host of slow-moving disasters to consider, like depleting fish stocks and the decline of yellow cedar, a culturally valuable tree species. At a point near the Auk Village Recreation Area in Juneau, Kenneth Weitzel jokes that he’s drawn the short straw. Today, he’s going in the water. The 53-page document begins with an acknowledgment: The region is at a disadvantage. There needs to be more scientific research and monitoring efforts to better prepare for the future. And he said, for the most part, federal agencies have focused their research efforts on offshore projects — in deep ocean waters. Like the shellfish testing, tribal governments are doing it themselves. In April, the tribal executive council approved it. He’ll be sampling the water for the two types of phytoplankton that can cause those shellfish to become unsafe for humans to eat. “The boss told me,” he says with a chuckle. “We really couldn’t model ourselves after what’s happening in the north,” Paddock said. “Granted, our brothers and sisters up there are having big problems and issues. But ecologically, it’s different up there.” Weitzel says it’s an example of what the region needs more of. He appreciates eating smoked cockles now. Alaska’s most recent plan to address climate change was removed from the state’s website back in December. Meanwhile, some municipalities and tribal governments are moving ahead with their own ideas about how to respond to the growing problem. Of course, in some parts of Alaska, the wheel has nearly fallen off the axle entirely. Sea ice was virtually nonexistent in the Bering Sea this winter. For the past three years, Weitzel has been working on Tlingit & Haida’s climate change adaptation plan — a kind of first attempt to lay out more of the tribal governments’ priorities. A big one is building a more robust network of scientific research. Weitzel says it’s kind of ironic this is part of his job now, as a natural resource specialist. He grew up in a community where he saw jars of smoked cockles stacked on his neighbor’s shelves. It was frequently on the menu at his home, too. “As administrations change, priorities change as well, and we see that on national level as well as here on the state level, though, too,” Paddock said. “So it always comes back to our communities being those leaders.” “Data is power,” Paddock said. “And that’s what we’re trying to build our tribes to have, is to have that power in their back pocket when needed.” Within the next year, Tlingit & Haida hopes to identify a couple of actionable items, like collecting more data on what’s happening to salmon. So Tlingit & Haida looked to its neighbors south — the Jamestown S’Klallam Tribe in Washington state — for a framework to adapt their climate change adaptation plan. Paddock sees this as an opportunity.